An ROV (Remotely Operated Vehicle) is a submersible vessel equipped with video cameras, sonars, manipulators, echo sounders, special hydraulic and electrical instruments, underwater sound positioning systems, etc. Depending on the class, it is operated by a single specialist or a team. ROVs are used for underwater operations in inland waters, seas, and oceans.

Underwater operations using ROVs allow obtaining data in real-time and recording the visual information for subsequent analysis by the customer.

The scope of application of ROVs is very wide due to the different equipment they may carry. It commonly includes the following:

  • Inspection work (berths, communication systems, and underwater parts of ships, including checking for contraband goods attached outside)
  • Inspections of fish farms and facilities
  • Rescue and search operations
  • Support for diving operations
  • Search and recovery of objects from the bottom
  • Inspections of hydro plants, power plants, and dams
  • Underwater operations at offshore wind power parks
  • Oil and gas industry (drilling support, inspections of platform structures and equipment for breakdowns, pipeline inspections, etc.)
  • Underwater construction support
  • Research work for scientific purposes
  • Archaeological underwater work
  • Military and special services (surveillance, search and destruction of mines,
    anti-sabotage inspections and operations)

The greatest benefit of ROVs is that they can be operated in hazardous conditions (chemically contaminated and high radiation areas) and applications where divers can be used due to working conditions or extreme depths.